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Posted by / 02-Jun-2017 10:01

Risk factors for dating violence

For example, childhood physical or sexual victimization is a risk factor for future IPV perpetration and victimization.A combination of individual, relational, community, and societal factors contribute to the risk of becoming an IPV perpetrator or victim.Persons with certain risk factors are more likely to become perpetrators or victims of intimate partner violence (IPV).Those risk factors contribute to IPV but might not be direct causes. Additionally, there are usually several complex causes of teenage violence.And because the causes are so varied, it can be difficult to determine what could trigger teen violence.

Key risk factors consistently found in the literature to be associated with inflicting dating violence include the following: holding norms accepting or justifying the use of violence in dating relationships (Malik et al., 1997; O'Keefe, 1997); having friends in violent relationships (Arriaga & Foshee, 2004); exposure to violence in one's family and community violence (Foo & Margolin, 1995, O'Keefe, 1997; Schwartz et al., 1997); alcohol and drug use (O'Keeffe et al., 1986; Silverman et al., 2001); and a having a history of aggression (Riggs & O'Leary, 1989, Chase et al., 1998).

It occurs in heterosexual and same-sex relationships and cuts across racial/ethnic and socio economic lines.

Although there are methodological problems accurately determining prevalence rates, a conservative estimate is that one in three adolescents has experienced physical or sexual violence in a dating relationship (Avery-Leaf, Cascardi, O'Leary, & Cano, 1997).

A lack of longitudinal data and a reliance on self-report data limits the causal connections that can be made between risk factors and teen dating violence.

In most cases the relationship between risk factors and teen dating violence listed below represent correlations, but not necessarily causality.

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The one factor that has consistently been associated with being the victim of dating violence, particularly for males, is inflicting dating violence (O'Keefe, 1997).